Bisoprolol Fumarate is in the class of medications called beta-blockers. This is used with or without other medications to treat high blood pressure (hypertension). Beta-blockers medication helps block the action of certain natural chemicals in your body. This effect lowers the heart rate, the strain on the heart, and blood pressure. Lowering high blood pressure helps prevent heart attacks, strokes, and kidney problems.
This is called a silent killer. Most people with this condition are unaware of the problem. It may have no warning signs and symptoms. When symptoms do occur they include early morning headaches, irregular heart rhythms, and vision changes. Severe hypertension can cause vomiting, fatigue, nausea, chest pain, anxiety, and muscle tremors. The only way to detect this condition is to have a health professional measure blood pressure. Having blood pressure measured is quick and painless. There are two types of hypertension:
- Primary hypertension
This tends to gradually develop over many years. For most adults, there is no identifiable cause of high blood pressure.
2. Secondary hypertension
Some people have hypertension caused by an underlying condition. This tends to appear suddenly and cause high blood pressure than primary hypertension. Some conditions and medications can lead to secondary hypertension;
- Kidney problems
- Obstructive sleep apnea
- Thyroid problems
- Adrenal gland tumors
- Certain defects you’re born within blood vessels
- Illegal drugs
- Certain medications (cold remedies, birth control pills, over-the-counter pain relievers, and some prescription drugs)
Blood pressure is the force exerted by circulating blood against the walls of the body’s arteries. Blood pressure is written as two numbers. The first number represents the pressure in blood vessels when the heart contracts or beats. The second number represents the pressure in the vessels when the heart rests between beats.
Bisoprolol Fumarate is also used to prevent angina attacks. Angina is chest pain to the discomfort that is caused when your heart muscle does not get enough oxygen-rich blood. It may feel like pressure or squeezing in your chest. The chest pain that occurs with angina can make doing some normal activities such as walking. However, the most dangerous complication is a heart attack. Angina symptoms may also include:
- Shortness of breath
These symptoms need to be evaluated right away by a doctor. It is to determine whether you have stable angina or unstable angina which can be a precursor to a heart attack. Stable angina is the most common form of angina. It usually happens when you exert yourself and go away with rest.
How It Works
Bisoprolol Fumarate caused the heart to beat slower and less forcefully. This lessens the pressure at which blood is pumped out of the heart and around the body.
The effects of this drug mean that the heart doesn’t use as much energy to pump blood around the body. In chronic heart failure, where the pumping action of the heart has become less effective, it makes it easier for the heart to pump blood.
An angina attack occurs when the heart doesn’t get enough oxygen to meet demand. Bisoprolol Fumarate prevents this condition because it reduces the workload of the heart and so lessens its demand for oxygen.
How To Use
The dose of Bisoprolol Fumarate depends on the condition being treated and how well it is controlled. If you have heart failure you will usually start on a low dose that is then slowly increased over a few weeks. Always follow the instructions of your doctor. Though, this medicine is usually taken once a day in the morning. Each dose may be taken either with or without food. Swallow the medicine as a whole with a full glass of water. If you forget to take a dose of Bisoprolol Fumarate at your usual time, take it as soon as you remember that day. If you forget to take a dose for a whole day, just leave out that dose and take your next dose, as usual, the following morning. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed dose.
This prescription needs to take on a long-term basis to control high blood pressure and prevent angina attacks. It is important to keep taking it regularly every day even if you don’t have any symptoms. If you stop taking it, your blood pressure is likely to rise again. Your angina attacks may happen more often or get worse as well. You should not stop taking Bisoprolol Fumarate unless there is a prescription from your doctor. When treatment is stopped, this should usually be done gradually that follow the instructions of your doctor.
- Light-headedness upon standing
- Slow heartbeat
- Spinning sensation
- Dry mouth
- Stomach pain
- Increased urination
- Runny or stuffy nose
- Restless feeling
- Joint or muscle pain
- Itching or skin rash
Inform your doctor right away if any of the following occurs:
- Severe dizziness
- Very slow heartbeat
- Trouble breathing
- Blue fingers or toes
- Mental/mood changes
Call for medical help if this occurs:
- Slow heart rate
- Pounding heartbeats or fluttering in your chest
- Vision problems
- A light-headed feeling like you might pass out
- Tingling, numbness, or cold feeling in your hands or feet
- Eye pain or vision problems
- This drug can make some people feel dizzy or tired. You should make sure you know how to react to it before driving or operating machinery. Avoid some potentially hazardous activities if affected.
- If you feel dizzy while taking this medication, you should lie down until the symptoms pass.
- There are no foods or drinks you specifically need to avoid while having Bisoprolol Fumarate. Just make sure you are eating a healthy, balanced diet to help your condition.
- Bisoprolol Fumarate can hide some of the warning symptoms of low blood sugar. People with diabetes may need to monitor their blood sugar more often while taking this drug.
- This should not be used during pregnancy unless it is prescribed by your doctor.
- This is also not recommended for use in breastfeeding women. It could potentially cause the baby’s heart rate to slow down or its blood sugar to fall.