Where is Acetazolamide XR used?
Acetazolamide XR is a type of medicine called carbonic anhydrase inhibitor. This is used for a variety of purposes like;
- Treating open-angle and angle-closure glaucoma
- Treating and preventing altitude sickness
- Treating certain epileptic seizures
- Decreasing swelling caused by congestive heart failure, drugs, or other conditions
Acetazolamide XR is a water pill or also called a diuretic. This medication can work less well over time. This is usually used only for a short period. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has already approved this medication.
How does Acetazolamide XR work?
Acetazolamide XR works by preventing an enzyme called carbonic anhydrase from working normally. It has different effects on each portion of the body. This reduces the activity of a protein in your body. By stopping the proteins, it helps to reduce the build-up of certain fluids in the body.
How is Acetazolamide XR taken?
The recommended dosage for this medication is based on your medical condition and response. This medication is taken by mouth. Swallow it as a whole with a full glass of water. Do not break or chew it. Follow your doctor’s dosing instructions very carefully. Ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand. If you missed a dose, call your doctor. Do not twice the dose to make up for the missed one. While using this medication, you may need frequent blood tests.
Each dose is usually taken with meals two or three times a day. To help you remember, take it around the same time each day. Take this medication exactly as directed. Do not take more or less of than prescribed by your doctor. Your doctor may start you on a low dose of metformin and gradually increase your dose. If your condition does not improve or gets worse, call your doctor or for medical assistance right away.
What are the possible side effects of Acetazolamide XR?
Here are the possible side-effects that may occur while you are taking Acetazolamide XR:
- Nausea and vomiting
- Loss of appetite
- Tingling or numbness in your arms and legs
- Confusion and drowsiness
- Hearing problems or ringing in your ears
- Increased urination
- Altered sense of taste
Seek medical help if you have signs of allergic reactions like;
- Difficulty in breathing
- Swelling (face, lips, tongue, or throat)
Call immediately your doctor if you have:
- Loss of movement in any part of your body
- A blood cell disorder
- A seizure (convulsions)
- Liver problems
- Blood in urine or stools
- Signs of metabolic acidosis and kidney stone
- Severe skin reaction (skin pain followed by a red or purple skin rash and causes peeling and blistering)
What are the precautions in taking Acetazolamide XR?
- Do not share this medication with others who have the same condition as yours.
- Consult first your doctor if you are a pregnant or breastfeeding woman. This drug should only be used when needed.
- Tell to your doctor if you have a medical history or current medications.
- Keep this away from the reach of children and pets.