Where is Carbamazepine used?
Carbamazepine is known as an anti-epileptic or anticonvulsant drug. This is used to prevent and control seizures. This may also be used to relieve trigeminal neuralgia which is a type of nerve pain.
This is available for oral administration as tablets. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved this medication.
How does Carbamazepine work?
Carbamazepine works by calming the electrical activity in the nerves and brain. These are made up of many nerve cells that connect through electrical signals. These signals must be carefully controlled for the nerve and brain to function correctly. If strangely rapid and repetitive electrical signals are released in the brain or nerves, this can cause seizures or stabbing pain.
This medication prevents epileptic fits by stopping electrical signals from building up in the nerve cells in the brain. It is also by decreasing the release of a neurotransmitter called glutamate.
Carbamazepine lessens the pain of trigeminal neuralgia and diabetic neuropathy by stabilizing the electrical activity in the nerves. This stops the pain signals from being sent to the brain.
How is Carbamazepine taken?
The dosage is based on your medical condition and response to treatment. Take Carbamazepine by mouth with food. Your doctor may direct you to start at a low dosage and slowly increase it. Take this medicine regularly or as directed by your doctor.
Swallow the medicine as a whole with a glass of water. The medicine has a scoreline to help you break the tablet in half if you have difficulties swallowing the tablet whole. To avoid the chance of side effects, your doctor will start you off on a low dosage of this medication. They will increase it slowly over a few days or weeks.
Once you find a dosage that suits you, it will usually stay the same unless your condition changes or your doctor starts you on a new medication that may affect Carbamazepine.
What are the possible side effects of Carbamazepine?
- Dry mouth
- Problems with walking
- Loss of balance or coordination
Call for medical help if you have any signs of an allergic reaction:
- Difficult breathing
- Swelling in your face or throat
A severe skin reaction:
- Sore throat
- Skin pain
- Burning in your eyes
- Purple or a red skin rash that spreads and causes peeling and blistering
What are the precautions in taking Carbamazepine?
- Before using this treatment, consult first your doctor if you are breastfeeding or pregnant woman.
- Inform your doctor if you have a history of bone marrow suppression or any other medical history.
- Do not stop taking this without talking to your doctor. Stopping this may cause some serious problems.
- You might not be able to take Carbamazepine if you have high blood pressure, heart disease, or a thyroid disorder.
- If you missed a dose, call your doctor for instructions. If you often forget a dose, it may help to set an alarm to remind you. You may also ask for advice from your pharmacist on other ways to help you remember to take your medicine.
- Keep this far from the reach of children.