Exemestane

Where is Exemestane used?

Exemestane is used to treat a certain type of breast cancer such as hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer. It happens in women after menopause. This medicine may also be used to help prevent cancer from returning. Some breast cancers are made to develop faster by a natural hormone called estrogen. Exemestane lessens the total estrogen that the body is producing and helps to slow or reverse the growth of these breast cancers.

Exemestane is an aromatase inhibitor which is a hormone therapy drug. This medication will help you reduce the risk of cancer from coming back. This is approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

How does Exemestane work?

The aromatase enzyme is involved in creating estrogen in women who have gone through menopause. The enzyme changes the sex hormones testosterone and androstenedione into estrogen. Exemestane stops this change by blocking the action of the aromatase enzyme. As a result, it causes a reduction in estrogen levels.

Most breast cancers are sensitive to estrogen and their development is stimulated by this hormone. By lowering the levels of estrogen in the body, Exemestane starves the breast cancer cells and stops them from developing.

How is Exemestane taken?

Exemestane is usually taken once a day to be taken by mouth. Each dose is taken with food. The recommended dosage for this medication will depend on:

  • Your medical condition
  • Your first response to the treatment
  • Your age and weight
  • Your medical history

Use this medication regularly to get the most benefit out of it. Take this at the same time each day or as directed by your doctor. To avoid complications, do not twice the prescribed dosage. If you missed a dose, contact your doctor for instructions. Get plenty of rest and maintain good nutrition while you are taking this medication as a treatment.

What are the possible side effects of Exemestane?

Here are some possible side effects that may occur while having this treatment:

  • Nausea
  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Abdominal pain
  • Cough
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting

What are the precautions in using Exemestane?

  • Before using this, tell your doctor if you are allergic to it.
  • Inform also your doctor if you have any allergies, medical history, or current medications.
  • This may make you feel dizzy. Avoid driving or do anything that needs your alertness.
  • Do not share this with others who have the same symptoms as yours.
  • If you any signs of an overdose, call for medical assistance right away.
  • Do not use this drug for other complications unless it is recommended by your doctor.
  • You will be checked regularly by your doctor while you are taking this drug. It is to monitor side effects and your response to the treatment.
  • The doctor will also check your bone mineral density and vitamin D levels when starting Exemestane. While taking Exemestane, your bone mineral density will also be monitored.
  • Limit alcoholic beverages while you are taking this drug.
  • This is not prescribed for pregnant or breastfeeding women.
  • Keep this in a dry and clean place to avoid contamination.