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The coronavirus has been an unpredictable foe from the start. It triggers silent or barely perceptible infections in some individuals. You can lessen your chances of being infected or spreading COVID-19 by taking some simple precautions:

1. Know How It Spreads

There is no certain vaccine yet to prevent COVID-19. The best way to prevent illness is to avoid being exposed to the virus. The virus is thought to spread mainly from person-to-person;

  • Respiratory droplets produced when an infected person talks, sneezes, or coughs. These droplets can land in the noses or mouths of people who are nearby or possibly be inhaled into the lungs. 
  • Between people who are in close contact with one another.
  • Some recent studies have shown that COVID19 may be spread by people who are not showing symptoms. 

2. You Should Wash Your Hands Often

Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds especially after you have been in public places or after blowing your nose, sneezing, or coughing. It’s especially important to wash;

  • Before touching your face, eating or preparing food
  • After leaving a public place,
  • Using restroom,
  • Handling your mask,
  • Changing a diaper,
  • Caring for someone sick, or 
  • Touching animals or pets

If soap and water are not available, you can use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol. Cover all surfaces of your hands and rub them together until they feel dry. Avoid touching your nose, mouth, or eyes with unwashed hands. 

3. Avoid Close Contact 

Inside your home 

Avoid close contact with people who are sick. If possible, maintain 5 feet between the person who is sick and other household members.

Outside your home 

Put 6 feet of distance between yourself and people who don’t live in your household. Remember, some people without symptoms may be able to spread the virus. 

4. Cover Sneezes and Coughs  

Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you sneeze or cough, always. You may also use the inside of your elbow and do not spit. Throw used tissues in the trash, properly. 

5. Cover Your Mouth and Nose with a Mask When Around Others

The mask is meant to protect other people in case you are infected. Everybody must wear a mask in public settings and when around people who don’t live in your household. Continue to keep about 1 to 2 meters between yourself and others. The mask is not a substitute for social distancing. You could spread COVID-19 to others even if you do not feel sick. 

6. Clean and Disinfect 

Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces daily. 

  • Doorknobs
  • Tables
  • Countertops
  • Light switches
  • Desks
  • Handles
  • Keyboards
  • Phones
  • Faucets
  • Toilets 
  • Sinks 

If surfaces are dirty, clean them. Use detergent or soap and water before disinfection. 

7. Monitor your Health Daily 

Be alert for symptoms 

Watch for shortness of breath, cough, fever, or other symptoms of COVID-19. 

Take your temperature if symptoms develop

Do not take your temperature within 30 minutes of exercising or after taking certain medications that could lower temperature.