Paroxetine Hydrochloride is used for the treatment of:
- Panic attacks
- Anxiety disorders
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
- Post-traumatic stress disorder
A panic attack is a sudden episode of intense fear that triggers severe physical reactions when there is no real danger or apparent cause. This attack can be very frightening and significantly affect your quality of life. Panic attacks typically include some of these signs and symptoms:
- Shaking or trembling
- Shortness of breath or tightness in your throat
- Hot flashes
- Chest pain
- Abdominal cramping
- Light-headedness, faintness, or dizziness
Depression is a mood disorder that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest. It affects how you think, feel and behave. It can also lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems. You may have trouble doing normal day-to-day activities. Sometimes, you may feel as if life isn’t worth living. People with depression, symptoms may occur most of the day, nearly every day and may include:
- Loss of interest or pleasure in most or all normal activities
- Lack of energy or tiredness
- Weight loss or reduced appetite
- Agitation, anxiety, and restlessness
- Trouble concentrating, thinking, making decisions and remembering things
People with anxiety disorders frequently have intense, excessive, and persistent worry and fear about everyday situations. Common anxiety signs and symptoms include:
- Having an increased heart rate
- Having trouble sleeping
- Feeling weak or tired
Obsessive-compulsive disorder is a mental health disorder that affects people of all ages. This occurs when a person gets caught in a cycle of obsessions and compulsions. Some signs and symptoms may include:
- Fear of losing control and harming yourself or others
- Fear of being contaminated by germs or dirt
- Fear of losing or not having things you might need
Post-traumatic stress disorder is triggered by a terrifying event either experiencing it or witnessing it. Symptoms may include flashbacks, severe anxiety, or nightmares.
This medication is known as a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI). This may improve your mood, appetite, sleep, and energy level. This may as well help restore your interest in daily living. Paroxetine Hydrochloride lessens anxiety, fear, the number of panic attacks, and unwanted thoughts. This product is supplied as controlled-release tablets for oral use. Each tablet is available in the dosage forms of 12.5 mg, 25 mg, and 37.5 mg. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has already approved this medication in 1992.
How does Paroxetine Hydrochloride work?
Paroxetine Hydrochloride works by increasing the activity of a neurotransmitter called serotonin in the brain. Neurotransmitters are a natural body chemical that acts as chemical messengers between the nerve cells. Serotonin is a neurotransmitter known to be involved in regulating emotions, behavior, and moods. This medication stops the serotonin that has been released from being reabsorbed back into the nerves cells in the brain. This helps to prolong its effects and over time it lightens the mood and relieves depression.
Paroxetine Hydrochloride will not change your personality or make you feel instantly happy and relaxed. It works overtime to correct the chemical changes in your brain that have made you depressed or anxious. This gets you back to feeling like your old self.
How to use Paroxetine Hydrochloride?
Paroxetine Hydrochloride is to be taken by mouth. This is usually taken once a day in the morning or as directed by your doctor. You may take each dose with or without a meal. Swallow the tablet as a whole with a full glass of water. Do not break, chew, or crush it. The recommended dosage is based on your medical condition, age, and response to the treatment. You should take the right dose, not more or less. Remember to take it at the same time and in the same way each day.
Do not stop taking this medication without the consent of your doctor. It may cause another complication or may worsen your current condition. For the best benefit from this product, take it regularly. If you missed a dose, take it as soon as you remember it. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and continue your regular dosing schedule. Do double the dose to make up for the missed dose. Let your doctor know if your condition does not improve.
What are the side effects of Paroxetine Hydrochloride?
Common side effects:
- Trouble sleeping or insomnia
- Loss of appetite
- Dry mouth
- Weight changes
- Ringing in your ears
Tell your doctor if you have serious side effects of this drug including:
- Numbness or tingling
- Fast or irregular heartbeat
- Inability to keep still
- Muscle weakness or spasm
- Shaking or tremor
- Easy bruising or bleeding
Get emergency medical help if you have any signs of an allergic reaction:
- Hives or itching
- Difficulty or trouble breathing
- Swelling of your lips, face, tongue, or throat
Warnings and Precautions
- Before taking Paroxetine Hydrochloride, tell your doctor if you are allergic to it. This may not be recommended for use if you have a history of an allergic reaction. Tell as well if you have any allergies. This drug may contain an inactive ingredient that causes an allergic reaction.
- Do not have any immunizations or vaccinations without the consent of your doctor.
- This drug may make you dizzy or drowsy. Alcohol can make you dizzier. Do not use any machinery or do anything that needs your alertness until you can do it safely. Avoid alcoholic beverages.
- Before starting this treatment, discuss with your doctor about fertility. Your ability to become pregnant or father a child may be affected.
- Consult your doctor first if you are breastfeeding women.
- You should use this carefully in people with decreased liver or kidney function.
- Be sure to tell your doctor if you are taking any other medications such as vitamins or herbal supplements.
- Inform your doctor if you have a medical history of glaucoma or bipolar/manic depressive disorder before having this treatment.
- Keep this drug from heat, moisture, and reach of children.