Ritonavir is indicated to use with another medication to help control HIV infection. This helps to lessen the amount of HIV in your body so your immune system can work better. This lowers your chance of getting HIV complications and improves your quality of life.
How does Ritonavir work?
Ritonavir works by stopping the protease enzyme from working. This lowers the amount of virus in the body. That it helps the immune system to recover. Therefore, it slows down or stops the progression of the disease from HIV to AIDS.
A combination of some anti-HIV medications is necessary to fight HIV. It is because the virus can become resistant to one agent very fast. This is known as combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) or highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART).
Why use Ritonavir?
Ritonavir is in the class of medications called protease inhibitors. This increases the levels of other protease inhibitors. That it helps these medications work better. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has already approved this medication. Ritonavir comes as a capsule for oral use. Each capsule is available in 100 mg strength. It contains an active ingredient of Ritonavir.
How to use Ritonavir?
The recommended dosage is based on your medical condition, age, and response. This is to be taken exactly as it is prescribed. Do not take in a larger or smaller amount. It may worsen or may cause another complication.
Ritonavir is to be taken by mouth as directed. This is usually taken 1 to 2 times a day. Take this at the same time as your other HIV medication. The capsule is to be swallowed as a whole with a full glass of water. Do not chew or crush it. Let your doctor know if your condition does not improve or gets worse.
What are the side effects of Ritonavir?
- Abdominal pain
- Tingling and numbness
- Blurred vision
- Facial swelling
- Changes in taste
- Sore throat
- Increased urination
- Muscle pain
Warnings and Precautions
- Tell your doctor if you have ever had diabetes, liver disease, or heart disease.
- This is not recommended if you are pregnant. If you are breastfeeding women, consult your doctor first.
- If you missed a dose, call your doctor for instructions.
- Do not share this with others even if they have the same symptoms as yours.
- Keep this drug at room temperature far from heat and moisture.