Russia’s Coronavirus Vaccine

President Vladimir Putin of Russia announced that their country had approved a vaccine against Coronavirus Disease. He said that the vaccine is effective and safe and plans to begin a mass vaccination in October.

What Do We Need To Know About The Vaccine?

The vaccine is named Sputnik V. It is about the first artificial satellite which is Sputnik 1 where it launched by the USSR in 1957. Sputnik V was developed by the Gamaleya Research Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology. It is in Moscow, which is part of Russia’s Ministry of Health. The vaccine will be administered 21 days apart in two shots. Shots have both modified adenoviruses, which usually reason for a common cold. They’ve also given the gene meant for the spike protein as of the coronavirus. The protein permits the virus to enter human cells.

What Tests Has It Been Through?

A new vaccine should usually pass three tests before it can be used widely. The first trial involves a few volunteers and is intended to regulate a safe dose. The second phase of the trial requires more people because it will test whether the vaccine triggers an immune response. Phase II trial will also look more carefully for side effects. Then, the phase III trial is used to find out whether the vaccine protects against infection. A vaccine may initiate an immune response in the second phase of the trial. On the other hand, it may not be adequate to convene an actual immunity in phase III.

The researchers in Russian have preregistered phase I and II trials. Accordingly, these trials were completed in early August. It shows not having an adverse effect and that the vaccine generated the preferred immune reaction.

Is It A Good Idea?

Public health experts have identified some ways that the Russian move can backfire. Most apparently, the vaccine might cause dangerous side effects. Adenovirus-based vaccines ought to be used extensively; therefore, the risk is possibly low. However, there is no way to be sure without seeing the data of the trial. 

Is A Working Vaccine On The Way?

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), there are 6 vaccines currently in phase III trials. However, none of those has yet completed them.

Vaccines Under Phase II Clinical Trials

  • AZD1222 SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine
  • New Crown COVID-19 Vaccine
  • CoronaVac SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine
  • Pfizer and BioNTech’s BNT162b2 Vaccine
  • Moderna’s mRNA- 1273 vaccine
  • Johnson and Johnson’s Janssen Vaccines

Various scientists have augmented the clinical trial development to improve an effective and safe coronavirus preventive vaccine. The COVID-19 vaccine development landscape includes innovative platforms like RNA and DNA, peptide, virus-like particle, recombinant protein, viral vector, inactivated virus approaches, and live attenuated virus. These vaccines are attached, whichever directly or indirectly, to the spike protein that creates each coronavirus inimitable. The vaccines’ goal is to stop Coronavirus Disease from getting into cells and replicating, making the person ill. The human immune system can quickly recognize actual coronavirus and inhibit the ability of the virus to grow.