The Vitamin K Deficiency

The Vitamin K Deficiency is more common in infants. For infants this state calls or also known as”VKDB”(vitamin K deficiency bleeding). The scientist believe that taking vitamin K can help bone growth. It can also help to stay healthy. Vitamin K is a nutrient that the body needs in just small and constant amount. Vitamin K comes from plant and vegetables. It plays an important role in coagulation (blood clotting). Clotting is the process which helps prevent excessive bleeding. Vitamin K deficiency is more common in infants. It is very rare in adults due of the food they eat. The food they eat contains enough amount of K1.  Our body is good at recycling on its living supply of vitamin K.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

The listed below are symptoms of the disease:

  • Swelling easily
  • Easy bruising
  • Blood in urine
  • Blood in stool
  • Unusual bleeding period
  • Gastrointestinal tract bleeding
  • Oozing from gums and nose
  • Severe bleeding from wounds, punctures and surgical site.

RISK FACTORS

The following are risk factors for vitamin K deficiency include:

  • A person who takes anticoagulants.
  • A person who take antibiotics.
  • Having a diet that is extremely lacking in vitamin K.
  • Having a condition that causes the body to not absorb fat properly.
  • Having a condition where fat absorption is a problem.

DIAGNOSIS

First, your doctor needs to know your medical history. After doing an exam, he may suggest you undergo coagulation test. It’s called “Prothrombin”. It’s a test to determine if you’re a vitamin K deficiency. If the clot takes longer this test may help your doctor to determine your condition. He will already diagnose that you are a vitamin K deficient.

PREVENTION

There is no settle amount of the vitamin K that you should take each day. A single shot of vitamin K could prevent a problem in the newborn. Take food with the best source of vitamin K such us:

  • Green leafy vegetable like
  • Spinach
  • Parsley
  • Broccoli
  • Kale
  • Cabbage
  • Brussels sprout
  • Salad greens
  • Take some cheese/dairy products
  • Eat some fermented food and drinks

TREATMENTS

The treatment for vitamin K is the drug called phytonadione. Most of the doctors prescribe a small amount of phytonadione dose for those who are taking an anticoagulant.Commonly this dosage is around 1 to 10 mg. This is to avoid complicacy due to the anticoagulant. But people with fat malabsorption should talk to their doctors. They need to talk about taking the vitamin K supplement and to monitor them.