Tramadol

Where is Tramadol used?

Tramadol is a prescription medicine used in moderate to moderately severe pain. This is an FDA-approved opioid analgesic medication that lessens pain in people by stopping messages from nerves to the brain.

This medication works in the brain the same way as morphine and enhances the action of certain brain chemicals to change how your body feels and responds to pain.

How does Tramadol work?

Tramadol relieves pain by changing how the brain recognizes it. It works by activating opiate receptors in the central nervous system (CNS). It is also similar to antidepressants in that it inhibits the reuptake of serotonin and norepinephrine. These are neurotransmitters that send messages from one nerve cell to another. Tramadol can also bring on feelings of intense euphoria because of its effects on the brain. Wherein, it might be what prompts some individuals to start abusing it.

How is Tramadol taken?

Take this medicine by mouth as directed by your doctor. Each dose is usually taken every 4 to 6 hours as needed for pain relief. You may take the medicine with or without food. If you have nausea, it may help to take this drug with food. You can ask your doctor about other ways to lessen nausea.

  • The maximum suggested dosage is 400 milligrams each day.
  • Also, the maximum recommended dose is 300 milligrams each day if you are older than 75 years.

Pain prescriptions work best if they are used as the first sign of pain occur. Take this medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor to lower the risk of addiction. Tell your doctor if your pain does not get better or it gets worse.

Since this medication is used for pain, you are unlikely to miss a dose. Never mind the missed dose if it is nearly time for the following dose. Do not take two doses to make up for the missed one.  

What are the precautions in taking Tramadol?

  • This drug is not safe to take during pregnancy. For some pregnant women with severe pain, Tramadol might be the best option. It is only given when needed.
  • If you are a breastfeeding woman, you need to consult your doctor first before taking this medication.
  • Several medications interfere with Tramadol and increase the chances of you having side effects. Tell your doctor if you are taking medicine for anxiety, depression, certain infection, mental health problems, or warfarin.
  • This medicine may impair your reactions or thinking. Avoid operating machinery or driving until you know how it affects you. Severe drowsiness or dizziness can cause falls or other accidents.
  • This is not given if you have severe breathing problems or a blockage in your stomach.
  • Tramadol should not be given to anyone younger than 18 years old and children younger than 12 years old. It is particularly for those who recently had surgical treatment to remove the adenoids or tonsils.
  • Get emergency help if you have signs of an allergic reaction such as difficulty breathing, hives, or swelling of the throat or face.